The researchers found that patients receiving GA had increased 90-day mortality (8.6 versus 6.3 percent; P < 0.001); they also have elevated incidence of pulmonary embolism and major blood loss (2.3 versus 0.5 percent and 7.7 versus 4.8 percent, respectively; both P < 0.001). There was no between-group difference noted in hospital length of stay or major cardiac events.
"Drinking only to thirst typically leads to significant dehydration, which is associated with exercise performance impairment," said study author Stavros Kavouras, a professor and director of the Hydration Science Lab at the University of Arkansas.
For patients undergoing surgery for hip fracture or total hip arthroplasty (THA), overlapping surgery is associated with increased risk of surgical complications, according to a study published online Dec. 4 in JAMA Internal Medicine.
Falls in older adults represents an urgent and major global public health concern as they are the leading cause of injury-related mortality and morbidity among the ever growing number of American adults over 65 years of age and older.